Application of Intersectional Analysis to Data on Domestic Violence Against Aboriginal Women Living in Remote Communities in the Province of Quebec

  • Renée Brassard Social Work School Université Laval
  • Lyse Montminy Social Work school, Université de Montréal
  • Anne-Sophie Bergeron
  • Itzel A. Sosa-Sanchez

Abstract

This article discusses the theoretical and analytical intersectionality approach, focusing on its application to an analysis of empirical data obtained from qualitative research into domestic violence against Aboriginal women living in four remote communities in Quebec. Nonprobability sampling was used to select and recruit 40 participants. Four focus groups took place, one in each of the participating communities. The qualitative data were subjected to a thematic content analysis emphasizing the feminist intersectionality perspective. The findings revealed the existence of different domination systems, as well as oppressive actions that interlock and interact at multiple and shifting levels, all of which shape and contribute to the reproduction of domestic violence among women living in remote Aboriginal communities. The intersectionality approach highlighted the important role played not only by race, gender, and social class, but also by the historical context and the degree of geographic isolation in the domestic violence experienced by Aboriginal women living in remote communities. All these social systems increase the vulnerability of Aboriginal women to domestic violence. This paper is one of the few scholarly attempts made so far to apply intersectional analysis to empirical data on the phenomenon of domestic violence as experienced by Aboriginal women.

Author Biographies

Renée Brassard, Social Work School Université Laval

Associate Porfessor

Criminologie
École de service social/School of Social Work

Faculté des sciences sociales
Pavillon Charles-de Koninck

1030, avenue des Sciences-Humaines

Local 6421

Université Laval
Québec (QC) G1V 0A6
CANADA

Lyse Montminy, Social Work school, Université de Montréal

Associate Porfessor

École de service social / Social Work school
Faculté des arts et sciences
Pavillon Lionnel Groulx
3200 Jean-Brillant
C7090

Université de Montréal
Montréal (QC)  H3T 1N8
CANADA

Anne-Sophie Bergeron
Master in social service, Université Laval
Social worker
Itzel A. Sosa-Sanchez
MA in Population Studies and regional development, National Autonomous University of México (CRIM-UNAM)

MA in Theories and Methodologies of the social sciences, Latino American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO) and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO-Buenos Aires)

Ph.D in sociology, Université Laval (sociology of the body, sexuality, reproductive health, intersectionality, violence against women, gender studies, postcolonial feminism).

Published
2015-03-29