A Statistical Portrait of Inuit with a Focus on Increasing Urbanization: Implications for Policy and Further Research

Keywords: Inuit, statistics, demography, cities, Indigenous


Over a quarter of Inuit in Canada now live outside Inuit Nunangat (Inuit traditional lands). Many have migrated to large Canadian urban centres such as Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa, and Montreal. This article pieces together data from the Census, National Household Survey, Aboriginal People’s Survey, and General Social Survey on Victimization to create a statistical profile of today’s Inuit in terms of income, employment, education, health, housing, crime and safety, and culture and language, and the context in which these data should be read. The article discusses the implications of the increasing urbanization of Inuit for policy and research, and concludes that support for innovative Inuit services in urban areas is necessary. 

Author Biography

Marika Morris, Carleton University
Adjunct Research Professor, School of Canadian Studies