Life Paths and Educational and Employment Outcomes of Disadvantaged Aboriginal Learners

  • Atlanta Sloane-Seale University of Manitoba
  • Lori Wallace University of Manitoba
  • Benjamin Levin University of Manitoba


This paper examines the linkages between education and training and labour market outcomes. It is based on a study that sought to improve our understanding of the longer-term relationship between disadvantage and educational/economic achievements. The population used in this study, as well as in two previous studies (Cooke, Wallace, Sloane-Seale, & Levin, 2000; McClure, Wallace, Sloane-Seale, Lavallee, & Levin, 1999) comprised Manitoba adults with backgrounds of low educational achievement. The study investigated factors that help adults overcome disadvantage to become successful post-secondary learners. Specifically, the impact of agency (decisions and choices that adults make) and biography (negative and positive personal experiences) on labour force participation, income, and skill acquisition was investigated.