Not the Wand but the Wizard

  • Patricia A. Post University of New Brunswick
  • Ellen Carusetta University of New Brunswick
  • Elin Maher University of New Brunswick
  • Judy Macintosh University of New Brunswick


A team of experienced distance educators, from three separate faculties at the University of New Brunswick, conducted a two- stage study that examined learners/participants' perceptions of factors affecting their learning in courses offered by audio- conferencing, audio-graphic conferencing, and video- conferencing. Study findings determined that, regardless of the technology used, learners were most influenced by instructor teaching style. These findings underscore the importance of maintaining and refining the more relational and interactive aspects of effective pedagogical practice within the contexts of adult learning and distance education.