Ningbo University (China)
New curriculum reform looks at the relationship between teaching and learning from new perspectives. Contrary to the traditional linear view of instruction, teaching and learning encourage ongoing recursions in the perspective of complexity theory. The recursion is embodied in different aspects: in essence, it is mutual understanding between teacher and student. As a result, it leads to the continuous transformation of the roles of teacher and student. In this sense, the relation between teacher and student becomes dynamic, while the teacher’s authority becomes relative.
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