Exploring the relationship between educational credentials and the earnings of immigrants

  • Maria Adamuti-Trache The University of British Columbia, Vancouver British Columbia
  • Robert Sweet Lakehead University, Thunder Bay Ontario


The study uses the 2002 Ethnic Diversity Survey (EDS) to examine the relationship between immigrants’ educational credentials and earnings. Three aspects of an individual’s credentials are considered: country of origin, level of education, and field of study. In addition, we examine the constraining effects of gender and visible minority status on the ability of immigrants to negotiate the value of their educational credentials in the Canadian labour market.