Changes in Economic Status and Timing of Marriage of Young Canadians

Zenaida R. Ravanera, Fernando Rajulton


Using the longitudinal panel data collected through the Canadian Surveys of
Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) from 1993 to1998, we examined the
hypotheses that (a) higher education delays marriage; (b) labour force
participation and earnings of women, like those of men, increase the likelihood of marriage; and, (c) the magnitude of the effects of education and income varies by life course stages of the youth. Analyses were done for men aged 17-19, 20-22, and 23-25 and for women aged 15-17, 18-20, and 21-23 at the start of the panel surveys. Our findings confirm our hypotheses, namely, a longer stay in school lowers the risk of marrying while greater economic well-being increases the risk. The results also show that the effects of wages and salaries are strongest among the middle cohorts of men (20-22) and women (18-20) who are at the stage of forming their own independent lives.

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