Entry Class and the Early Employment Experience of Immigrants in Canada

Kelli Phythian, David Walters, Paul Anisef


Despite its policy importance, research related to the economic performance of immigrants by entry class is sorely lacking. It is generally presumed that
immigrants selected on the basis of human capital will have better economic
outcomes than unscreened immigrants; however, there is speculation that the
social networks of family immigrants provide access to employment resources
not available to others. Both arguments have merit, yet there is little research to support either claim. This study utilizes data from the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada to investigate the association between entry class and employment status of immigrants six months after arrival. Findings reveal little difference between skilled workers and family immigrants, while business immigrants and refugees are much less likely to be employed. Policy
implications are discussed.

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