Intergenerational Ethnic Mobility among Canadian Aboriginal Populations in 2001


  • Norbert Robitaille Department of Demography, Université de Montréal, Montréal Québec
  • Éric Guimond Strategic Research and Analysis, Directorate Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Adjunct Research Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London Ontario
  • Alexandre Boucher Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail, Montréal Québec



This article deals with the contribution of intergenerational ethnic mobility to the demographic reproduction of the Aboriginal groups in Canada: the North American Indians, the Métis and the Inuit. To this effect, it attempts to see if children in husband/wife census families keep the identity of their parents. As expected, children from endogamous couples generally keep their parents’ identity. However, for most children from exogamous couples formed by an Aboriginal person and a non-Aboriginal person, the Aboriginal identity prevails over the non-Aboriginal identity. If Aboriginal identities were “not attractive” identities when declaring the ethnic affiliation of children in situations of exogamous unions, then the size of the Aboriginal population in Canada would be significantly smaller.