Demography of a man-made human catastrophe: The case of massive famine in Ukraine 1932-1933

  • Omelian Rudnytskyi Institute of Demography and Social Studies
  • Nataliia Levchuk Instute of Demography and Social Studies
  • Oleh Wolowyna University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
  • Pavlo Shevchuk Institute of Demography and Social Studies
  • Alla Kovbasiuk (Savchuk) Institute of Demography and Social Studies
Keywords: 1932–33 Ukraine famine, Holodomor, 1932–33 famine urban-rural losses, excess deaths, lost births.

Abstract

Estimates of 1932–34 famine direct losses (excess deaths) by age and sex and indirect losses (lost births) are calculated, for the first time, for rural and urban areas of Ukraine. Total losses are estimated at 4.5 million, with 3.9 million excess deaths and 0.6 million lost births. Rural and urban excess deaths are equivalent to 16.5 and 4.0 per cent of respective 1933 populations. We show that urban and rural losses are the result of very different dynamics, as reflected in the respective urban and rural age structures of relative excess deaths.

Author Biography

Oleh Wolowyna, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Center for Slavic, Eurasian and Eastern European Studies, Research Fellow
Published
2015-04-02