https://journals.library.ualberta.ca/hssa/index.php/hssa/issue/feed History of Science in South Asia 2018-04-23T08:00:44-06:00 Prof. Dominik Wujastyk wujastyk@ualberta.ca Open Journal Systems <p>An Open Access journal for the history of all forms of scientific thought and action, ancient and modern, in all regions of South Asia.&nbsp;&nbsp; See further, <a title="Focus and Scope" href="/hssa/index.php/hssa/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Focus and Scope</a>.</p> https://journals.library.ualberta.ca/hssa/index.php/hssa/article/view/25 Premodern Yoga Traditions and Ayurveda 2018-04-23T08:00:44-06:00 Jason Eric Birch jb92@soas.ac.uk <p>The research for this article was prompted by the question: were Yoga and Āyurveda as intimately connected in premodern times as they to seem today? It attempts to give a preliminary answer by assessing the influence of Āyurveda on a corpus of mediaeval Yoga texts, in terms of shared terminology, theory and praxis.&nbsp;The date of this corpus ranges from the eleventh to the nineteenth century CE, and all of its texts teach physical techniques and an ascetic state of dormant meditative absorption (<em>samādhi</em>), either as auxiliaries within a system of Yoga or as autonomous systems in themselves. The physical techniques became known as Haṭhayoga and the ascetic state of <em>samādhi</em> as Rājayoga, and the texts in which they appear posit the practice (<em>abhyāsa</em>) of Yoga as the chief means to liberation (<em>mokṣa</em>). The article begins with a discussion of the terminology in these texts that is also found in the&nbsp;<em>Bṛhattrayī,</em> that is,&nbsp;the <em>Carakasaṃhitā</em>, the <em>Suśrutasaṃhitā</em> and Vāgbhaṭa’s <em>Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā.&nbsp;</em>It proceeds to discuss the relevant theory (digestive fire, humoral theory, vital points, herbs) and praxis (<em>āsana</em>, <em>ṣaṭkarma</em> and therapy or<em> cikitsā</em>) of the yoga texts in question in order to assess the possible influence of Āyurveda. </p> 2018-04-18T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##