Through the Viewfinder: Reflecting on the Collection and Analysis of Classroom Video Data

  • Angela Fitzgerald Faculty of Education Monash University Melbourne, Australia
  • Mark Hackling School of Education Edith Cowan University Perth, Australia
  • Vaille Dawson Science and Mathematics Education Centre Curtin University Perth, Australia

Abstract

The possibilities inherent in the collection and use of video footage point to an important innovation for classroom research. Unfortunately, researchers often experience uncertainty about incorporating video into their methodological approach as it can present a potential minefield of operational, technical, and ethical issues that require consideration and negotiation. Nevertheless, with the increased emphasis on the use of digital technologies, the timing is right to engage in more in-depth discussions about the role of video data in education research. In contributing to this discussion, this article unpacks several issues connected to the use of video technology as a tool for data collection and analysis. This article focuses on addressing some of the barriers faced by education researchers such as making sampling decisions, maintaining research authenticity, and grappling with ethical issues that arise. In terms of the advantages for researchers, this article highlights the suitability of video technology for classroom-based research because it provides a permanent and detailed record, which can be analyzed from multiple perspectives. These issues are explained through the experiences of an education researcher, who used video as the main data source for documenting and examining the practices of two effective primary science teachers in Perth, Western Australia.

Author Biographies

Angela Fitzgerald, Faculty of Education Monash University Melbourne, Australia
Lecturer of Science Education Faculty of Education Monash University Melbourne, Australia
Mark Hackling, School of Education Edith Cowan University Perth, Australia
Professor of Science Education School of Education Edith Cowan University Perth, Australia
Vaille Dawson, Science and Mathematics Education Centre Curtin University Perth, Australia
Professor of Science Education Science and Mathematics Education Centre Curtin University Perth, Australia
Published
2013-03-18
Section
Articles