Discovering Voice: A Participatory Action Research Study with Nurses in Uganda

  • Bonnie Fournier University of Alberta
  • Judy Mill University of Alberta
  • Walter Kipp University of Alberta
  • Mariam Walusimbi Mulago Hospital


In this article the authors present findings from a qualitative research study carried out with Ugandan nurses from September 2003 until June 2004. They highlight the process and philosophical basis of participatory action research (PAR) by reflecting on the challenges, opportunities, outcomes, and ethical issues encountered during the conduct of the research. In this study PAR fostered a climate in which nurses could engage in collective reflection on their practice, make sense of their experiences, and thereby change their understanding of their work.

Author Biographies

Bonnie Fournier, University of Alberta
Faculty Lecturer Nursing Faculty
Judy Mill, University of Alberta
Associate Professor Nursing Faculty
Walter Kipp, University of Alberta
Professor Public Health Sciences