Medically Assisted Death in Canada – Unsettled (and Unsettling?) Law

Kim Clarke

Keywords


law; physician-assisted suicide

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References


(1) An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to make related amendments to other Acts (medical assistance in dying), SC 2016, c 3, available at http://canlii.ca/t/52rs0 (“Medical Assistance in Dying Act”). Medical assistance in dying has been legal in Quebec since December 2015, pursuant to An Act Respecting End-of- Life Care, RSQ c S-31.0001,

available at http://canlii.ca/t/52mj4.

(2) Carter v Canada (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 5, [2015] 1 SCR 331, available at http://canlii.ca/t/gg5z4. [Carter].

(3) Criminal Code, RSC 1985, c C-46, s 227(1), available at http://laws.justice.gc.ca/PDF/C-46.pdf.

(4) Peter W Hogg, Presentation to Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs Bill C-14 (medical assistance in dying) (June 6, 2016), available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/sen/committee/421/LCJC/Briefs/LCJC_June_6_2016_SN_Hogg_e.pdf.

(5) Canada (Attorney General) v EF, 2016 ABCA 155, 2016 CarswellAlta 895, available at http://canlii.ca/t/grqkg. (“EF”)

(6) Mike Laanela, “Assisted-dying legislation faces new legal challenge in B.C.: Julia Lamb, 25, says she is terrified Canadian law could mean decades of mental and physical suffering, CBCNews (27 June 2016), available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/bccla- assisted-dying- legislation-1.3654220.

(7) Definition of “terminal illness” in Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act, Or. Rev. Stat. 127.800 §1.01(12), available at https://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/statute.pdf.

(8) House of Commons Debates, Hon. Jody Wilson-Raybould (Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada) (April 22, 2016), available at

http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Pub=Hansard&Doc=45&Parl=42&Ses=1&Language=E&Mode=1

(9) Department of Justice, Medical Assistance in Dying: Glossary, available at http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/cj-jp/ad-am/glos.html.

(10) Specifically, the Pension Act, RSC 1985, cP-6, Corrections and Conditional Release Act, 1992 SC, c20, and Canadian Forces Members and Veterans Re-establishment and Compensation Act, SC 2005, c21.

(11) Canada, External Panel on Options for a Legislative Response to Carter v Canada, Consultations on Physician-Assisted Dying – Summary of Results and Key Findings – Final Report (Ottawa: 15 December 2015), available at http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/other- autre/pad-amm/pad.pdf.

(12) The Provincial-Territorial Expert Advisory Group on Physician-Assisted Dying, Final Report (18 November 2015) at 34, available at http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/news/bulletin/2015/docs/eagreport_20151214_en.pdf.

(13) Canada, Special Joint Committee on on Physician-Assisted Dying, Report of the Special Joint Committee on Physician Assisted Dying (Ottawa: Senate and House of Commons, 25 February 2016), available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Language=e&Mode=1&Parl=42&Ses=1&DocId=8120006.

(14) House of Commons Debates, Hon. Jody Wilson-Raybould (Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada) (May 31, 2016), available at

http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Language=E&Mode=1&DocId=8310832#Int-8948828.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5596/c16-021

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