Comparison of Ticagrelor with Clopidogrel in Reducing Interleukin-17 and Myeloperoxidase Expression in Thrombus and Improving Postprocedural Coronary Flow in ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients

WenHua Li1, SongQi Guo1, Shu Wang1, Xin Sun1, ZhuQin Li1, XinYong Sun1, YanMing Sun1, LanFeng Wang1, Wei Pan1

1Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Nangang District, Heilongjiang Province, Harbin, China.

Abstract


Purpose. This study aimed to explore the effects of ticagrelor (a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor) on interleukin (IL)-17 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) expression in coronary thrombus as well as on the coronary blood flow in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods. Forty STEMI patients who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University between August 1, 2014 and December 30, 2014 were enrolled in this study according to a set inclusion criteria. They were randomized to ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups and treated with 180 mg ticagrelor and 600 mg clopidogrel before PCI, respectively. Intracoronary thrombus aspiration was performed by a physician during PCI. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis were carried out to detect the expression of IL-17 and MPO in the thrombus. Corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (CTFC) was used to evaluate blood flow after PCI. Results. Immunohistochemistry results showed that the average positive staining area percentage of IL-17 and MPO in the clopidogrel group was significantly higher than that in the ticagrelor group. Western blot analysis also showed similar results for IL-17 (clopidogrel 0.71 ± 0.036, ticagrelor 0.50 ± 0.56) and MPO (clopidogrel 0.50 ± 0.040; ticagrelor 0.38 ± 0.06). CTFC was lower in the ticagrelor group than that in the clopidogrel group (P < 0.05). Conclusions. Ticagrelor is more effective than clopidogrel in reducing inflammation thrombosis and improving postprocedural PCI blood flow in STEMI patients.

 

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J Pharm Pharm Sci, 21 (1): 207-216, 2018

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18433/jpps29624