Targeted Nanostructured Lipid Carrier for Brain Delivery of Artemisinin: Design, Preparation, Characterization, Optimization and Cell Toxicity
In the present study, a transferrin-conjugated nanostructured lipid carrier (TF-NLCs) for brain delivery of artemisinin (ART) was developed. ART-loaded NLCs (ART-NLCs) were prepared using solvent evaporation method and the impact of various formulation or process variables on the responses were assessed using a Taguchi design. Optimized ART-NLC was then coupled with transferrin as targeting ligand and its in vitro cytotoxicity was investigated against U-87MG brain cancer cell line. As a result, the following values are suggested by the software to prepare the optimized formulation: 20 mg Compritol®, 0.25% Tween 80, 5 mg oleic acid, 2.5 mL dichloromethane and 4 min sonication. Mean particle size (PS), zeta potential (ZP), polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency (EE), mean release time (MRT) of adopted formulation were confirmed to be 145 ± 12.5 nm, 24.3 ± 1.5 mV, 0.513 ± 0.021, 82.3 ± 7.3 % and 24.0 ± 1.1 h, respectively. Following conjugation of optimized ART-NLCs with TF, PS and MRT were increased, while ZP, and EE were decreased significantly. TF-ART-NLCs showed higher cytotoxic activity compared to non-targeted NLCs and free drug. These results indicated that the TF-ART-NLCs could potentially be exploited as a delivery system for anticancer and antimalarial drug ART in brain tumors and malaria.
How to Cite
This is an open access journal with with free of charge submission and non-commercial download. At the time of submission, authors will be asked to transfer the copyright to the accepted article to the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The author may purchase the copyright for $500 upon which he/she will have the exclusive copyright to the article. Nevertheless, acceptance of a manuscript for publication in the Journal is with the authors' approval of the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons copyright license Creative Common license (Attribution-ShareAlike) License for non-commercial uses.
CLOCKSS system has permission to collect, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit.