The Interaction of PI3K Inhibition with Homologous Recombination Repair in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells


  • Gamze Guney Eskiler Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey.



Purpose: Aberrant activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is observed in many types of human cancer including triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Additionally, dysregulation in the homologous recombination (HR)-dependent DNA-repair is associated with TNBC phenotype due to BRCA1/2 mutations or HR deficiency. Therefore, the hypothesis of this study was to evaluate the association of PI3K inhibition with HR pathway in TNBC in terms of BRCA1 mutation status. Methods: To examine the potential therapeutic effect of LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K, on TNBC cell lines with known BRCA1 status, WST-1, annexin V, cell cycle analysis and AO/EB staining were performed. Additionally, RT-PCR and immunofluorescence analysis was used to explore the interaction between the inhibition of PI3K and HR functionality. Results: The findings showed that LY294002 could significantly inhibited the proliferation of TNBC cells. Furthermore, the suppression of PI3K resulted in HR impairment by BRCA1 and RAD51 downregulation and apoptotic cell death by the induction of DNA damage and BAX overexpression. Therefore, LY294002 was more effective in BRCA1-deficient TNBC cells. Conclusions: Consequently, targeted therapies based on the interaction of PI3K inhibition with BRCA1 mutations or HR deficiency in TNBC may be a promising strategy for the treatment of patients with TNBC.


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Author Biography

Gamze Guney Eskiler, Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey.

Medical Faculty and Departmant of Medical Biology


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How to Cite

Guney Eskiler, G. (2019). The Interaction of PI3K Inhibition with Homologous Recombination Repair in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells. Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(1), 599–611.



Pharmaceutical Sciences; Original Research Articles