Anti-Breast Cancer Activities of 8-Hydroxydaidzein by Targeting Breast Cancer Stem-Like Cells
Purpose: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in various stages of cancer development and therapy refractoriness. 8-Hydroxydaidzein (8-OHD) has revealed anti-cancer activity in different tumors. Accordingly, we aimed to assess the effects of 8-OHD on the suppression of breast cancer stem-like cells (BCSCs). Methods: The anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic properties of 8-OHD were examined by MTS assay and flowcytometry. The expression levels of stemness markers and JAK2/STAT proteins were measured by quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blotting, respectively. Results: 8-OHD significantly decreased three out of six stemness markers and remarkably reduced viability and induced apoptosis of spheroidal and parental cells compared to controls. Further experiments using CD95L, as a death ligand, and ZB4 antibody, as an extrinsic apoptotic pathway blocker, showed that 8-OHD induced apoptosis through the intrinsic pathway, proposing a mechanism by which 8-OHD triggers apoptosis. Results of western blot analysis also revealed a marked decline in the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT proteins. Conclusion: Our study, for the first time, elucidated an anti-BCSC activity for 8-OHD via decreasing stemness markers, inducing toxicity and stimulating apoptosis in these cells and parental cells. Our results also suggested a novel mechanism by which 8-OHD induces apoptosis in BCSCs.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This is an open access journal with with free of charge submission and non-commercial download. At the time of submission, authors will be asked to transfer the copyright to the accepted article to the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The author may purchase the copyright for $500 upon which he/she will have the exclusive copyright to the article. Nevertheless, acceptance of a manuscript for publication in the Journal is with the authors' approval of the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons copyright license Creative Common license (Attribution-ShareAlike) License for non-commercial uses.
CLOCKSS system has permission to collect, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit.