Insertion professionnelle d'immigrants récents et réseaux sociaux: le cas de Maghrébins à Montréal et Sherbrooke
Keywords:Social Networks, professional integration, North African
AbstractAfin d’identifier les explications que donnent des acteurs d’origine maghrébine des difficultés qu’ils rencontrent à insérer le marché de l’emploi québécois, nous avons mené entre 2001 et 2004 des entrevues auprès de 22 Maghrébins en recherche d’emploi à Montréal et Sherbrooke. Des entrevues ont aussi été menées avec 15 intervenants d’organismes gouvernementaux et para gouvernementaux œuvrant auprès d’une clientèle en recherche d’emploi, dont des Maghrébins. Dans cet article, l’objectif est de saisir à travers les trajectoires individuelles et collectives l’évolution des réseaux de ces immigrants. Nous verrons notamment que la présence d’une communauté de même origine ethnoculturelle ne peut garantir l’élargissement des réseaux s’il n’y a pas de soutien institutionnel significatif et ce, tant du côté de la société que de la communauté elle-même.
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