Stratégies d’orientation et d’insertion professionnelle des jeunes issus de l’immigration à Montréal: motifs de choix des institutions postsecondaires anglophones et francophones
Keywords:Marchés scolaires, choix d’orientation, langues, parcours scolaires, immigration, Québec
AbstractAu Québec, les nouveaux arrivants sont tenus, selon les politiques linguistiques, de fréquenter les écoles primaire et secondaire du secteur francophone. Or, au postsecondaire, le choix de la langue d’enseignement est laissé à la discrétion de l’étudiant. Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche qualitative menée auprès de jeunes issus de l’immigration (N=37) ayant poursuivi des études collégiales et universitaires dans des institutions francophones et anglophones. La sociologie de l’expérience (Dubet 1994) a été mobilisée afin de repérer les logiques d’orientation au postsecondaire. L’analyse révèle que les choix d’orientation linguistiques sont liés à des stratégies d’insertion professionnelle. Ainsi, une logique stratégique semble expliquer principalement les choix d’orientation des jeunes interrogés. Les motifs liés à l’appartenance linguistique ou identitaire sont quasi absents des discours des jeunes issus de l’immigration interrogés. De même, la dimension « expressive » des choix scolaires, axée sur l’accomplissement personnel à travers les études, est peu présente dans les discours des jeunes.
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