Effect of Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 Genetic Polymorphism on the Inhibitory Action of Antidepressants on CYP2D6-Mediated Dopamine Formation from p-Tyramine
PURPOSE: The inhibitory effects of antidepressants, such as imipramine, desipramine, and fluvoxamine, on dopamine formation from p-tyramine catalyzed by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6.2 (Arg296Cys, Ser486Thr) and CYP2D6.10 (Pro34Ser, Ser486Thr), were compared with those on dopamine formation catalyzed by CYP2D6.1 (wild type), to investigate the effect of a CYP2D6 polymorphism on neuroactive amine metabolism in the brain. METHODS: Inhibition constants (Ki) of the antidepressants toward dopamine formation catalyzed by CYP2D6.1, CYP2D6.2, and CYP2D6.10, which were expressed in recombinant Escherichia coli, were compared. RESULTS: Imipramine and desipramine competitively or non-competitively inhibited dopamine formation mediated by CYP2D6.1, CYP2D6.2, and CYP2D6.10 with Ki values of 3.9–4.9, 5.9–9.6, and 26.7–37.5 µM, respectively. The maximal velocity (Vmax) values for dopamine formation by all CYP2D6 variants gradually increased with increasing fluvoxamine concentrations up to 40–100 µM, indicating that fluvoxamine stimulated dopamine formation. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the inhibition/stimulation of CYP2D6-mediated dopamine formation by these antidepressants would be affected by CYP2D6 polymorphism in the brain.
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