A late Maastrichtian selachian assemblage from the Peedee Formation of North Carolina, USA.

Gerard R. Case, Todd D. Cook, Eric M. Saford, Kevin R. Shannon

Abstract


A diverse selachian fauna was collected from the Island Creek Member of the Peedee Formation at Castle Hayne, New Hanover County, North Carolina, USA. This inner neritic assemblage consists of 23 species from eight orders, 17 families, and 20 genera and includes the new species Ptychotrygon clementsi sp. nov.  The dentition of a few large macrophagous species with large palaeobiogeographical ranges is described. However, the majority of the reported specimens belong to relatively small species that are endemic to the southern regions of the Western Interior Seaway and the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal plains of North America. 

 


Keywords


Late Cretaceous, Maastrichtian, Selachian, Palaeobiogeography

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adolfssen, J. and D.J. Ward. 2014. Crossing the boundary: an elasmobranch fauna from Stevns Klint, Denmark. Palaeontology 57:591–629.

Agassiz, J.L.R. 1833–1844. Recherches sur les poissons fossils, 3. Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchâtel.

Albers, H. and W. Weiler. 1964. Eine Fischfauna aus der oberen Kreide von Aachen und neuere Funde von Fischresten aus dem Maestricht des angrenzenden belgisch-holländischen Raumes. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 120:1–33.

Antunes, M.T. 1964. Neocretácio e o Cenozóico do Litoral de Angola. Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, Lisboa.

Antunes, M.T. and H. Cappetta. 2002. Sélaciens du Crétacé (Albien-Maastrichtien) d'Angola. Palaeontographica, Abt. A 264: 85–146.

Applegate, S.P. 1972. A revision of the higher taxa of orectolobids. Journal of the Marine Biology Association of India. 14:743–751.

Arambourg, C. 1935. Note préliminaire sur les vertébrés fossiles des phosphates du Maroc. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 5:413–439.

Arambourg, C. 1952. Les vertébrés fossiles des gisements de phosphates (Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie). Notes et Mémoires du Service Géologique, Maroc 92:13–72.

Bardet, N., H. Cappetta, X. Pereda Suberbiola, M. Mouty, A.K. Al-Maleh, A.M. Ahmad, O. Khrata and N. Gannoum. 2000. The marine vertebrate faunas from the Late Cretaceous phosphates of Syria. Geological Magazine 137:269–290.

Beavan, N.R. and A.P. Russell. 1999. An elasmobranch assemblage from the terrestrial-marine transitional Lethbridge Coal Zone (Dinosaur Park Formation: Upper Campanian), Alberta, Canada. Journal of Paleontology 73:494–503.

Becker, M.A., J.A. Chamberlain and D.O. Terry. 2004. Chondrichthyans from the Fairpoint Member of the Fox Hills Formation (Maastrichtian), Meade County, South Dakota. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24:780–793.

Becker, M.A., J.A. Chamberlain and G.E. Wolf. 2006. Chondrichthyans from the Arkadelphia Formation (Upper Cretaceous: upper Maastrichtian) of Hot Spring County, Arkansas. Journal of Paleontology 80:700–716.

Berg, L.S. 1937. A classification of fish-like vertebrates. Bulletin de l’Académie des Sciences de l'URSS. Classe des Sciences Mathématiques et Naturelles 1937:1277–1280.

Berg, L. S. 1958. System der Rezenten und Fossilen Fischartigen und Fische. Hochschulbücher für Biologie, Berlin.

Biddle, J.P. 1993. Les Elasmobranches de l´Albien inférieur et moyen (Crétacé inférieur) de la Marne et de la Haute-Marne (France). Belgian Geological Survey, Professional Paper: Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie 264:191–240.

Blainville, H.M.D. de. 1816. Prodom d’une novella distribution systématique du règne animal. Bulletin de la Société Philomáthique, Paris 8:113–124.

Bogan, S., F.L. Agnolin and F.E. Novas. 2016. New selachian records from the Upper Cretaceous of southern Patagonia: paleobiogeographical implications and the description of a new taxon. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology DOI:10.1080/02724634.2016.1105235.

Bonaparte, C.L. 1834. Iconografia della fauna italic per le Quattro classi degli animali vertebrati. Tomo III. Pesci. Rome: Tip Salviucci.

Bonaparte, C.L. 1838. Selachorum tabula analytica. Nuovi Annali della Scienze Naturali, Bologna 1:195–214.

Bourdon, J., K. Wright, S.G. Lucas, J.A. Spielman and R. Pence. 2011. Selachians from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) Hosta Tongue of the Point Lookout Sandstone, central New Mexico. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 52:1–52.

Buen, F. 1926. Catalogo ictiologico del Mediterraneo Español y de Marruecos, recopilando lo publicado sobrepeces de las costas mediterraneas y proximas del Atlantico (Mar de España). Resultados de las ampafias Realizadas por Acuerdos Internacionales. Instituto Español de Oceanografia 2:1–221.

Cappetta, H. 1973. Selachians from the Carlile Shale (Turonian) of South Dakota. Journal of Paleontology 47:504–514.

Cappetta, H. 1974. Sclerorhynchidae nov. fam., Pristidae et Pristiophoridae: un exemple de parallélisme chez les Sélaciens. Comptes Rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Academie des Sciences 278:225–228.

Cappetta, H. 1975a. Les Sélaciens éocènes du Monte-Bolca. I - Les Carcharhinidae. Miscellanea Paleontologica. Studi e ricerche sui giacimenti Terziari di Bolca 2:279–305.

Cappetta, H. 1975b. Ptychotrygon vermiculata nov. sp., sélacien nouveau du Campanien du New Jersey (U.S.A.). Compte Rendu sommaire des Société Géologique de France 5:164–166.

Cappetta, H. 1980. Les sélaciens du Crétacés superieur du Liban : Battoides. Palaeontographica, Abt. A 168:149–229.

Cappetta, H. 1987. Handbook of Paleoichthyology, Vol. 3B: Chondrichthyes II. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.

Cappetta, H. 2012. Chondrichthyes. Mesozoic and Cenozoic Elasmobranchii: Teeth. Handbook of Palaeoichthyology, Volume 3E. München: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

Cappetta, H. and G.R. Case. 1975. Contribution à l'étude des Sélaciens du groupe Monmouth (Campanien-Maestrichtien) du New Jersey. Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 151:1–46.

Cappetta, H. and G.R. Case. 1999. Additions aux faunes de sélaciens du Crétacé du Texas (Albien supérieur-Campanien). Palaeo Ichthyologica 9:5–111.

Cappetta, H. and G.S. Odin. 2001. Les sélaciens du Campanien-Maastrichtien de Tercis-les-Bains (SO France). Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy 19:645–651.

Cappetta, H., N. Bardet, X. Pereda Suberbiola, S. Adnet, D. Amalik, M. Amalik and A. Benabdallah. 2014. Marine vertebrate faunas from the Maastrichtian phosphates of Benguérir (Ganntour Basin, Morocco): Biostratigraphy, palaeobiogeography and palaeoecology. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 409:217–238.

Case, G.R. 1978. A new selachian fauna from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Montana. Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 160:176–205.

Case, G.R. 1979. Cretaceous selachians from the Peedee Formation (Late Maastrichtian) of Duplin Country, North Carolina. Brimleyana 2:77–89.

Case, G.R. 1980. A selachian fauna from the Trent Formation, Lower Miocene (Aquitanian) of Eastern North Carolina. Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 171:75–103.

Case, G.R. 1981. Late Eocene selachians from South-central Georgia. Palaeontographica, Abt. A 176:52–79.

Case, G.R. 1987. A new selachian fauna from the Late Campanian of Wyoming (Teapot Sandstone Member, Mesaverde Formation, Big Horn Basin). Palaeontographica, Abt. A 197:1–37.

Case, G.R. 1995. Fossil shark remains from the early and middle Maastrichtian of the Upper Cretaceous of Monmouth County, New Jersey. Pp. 72–80 in J. Baker (ed). Contributions to the Paleontology of New Jersey. Geological Association of New Jersey.

Case, G.R. and D.R. Schwimmer. 1988. Late Cretaceous fish from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in western Georgia. Journal of Paleontology 62:290–301.

Case, G.R. and H. Cappetta. 1997. A new selachian fauna from the Late Maastrichtian of Texas (Upper Cretaceous/Navarroan; Kemp Formation). Müenchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen Reihe A Geologie und Paläeontologie 34:131–189.

Case, G.R. and H. Cappetta. 2004. Additions to the elasmobranch fauna from the late Cretaceous of New Jersey (lower Navesink Formation, early Maastrichtian). Palaeovertebrata 33:1–16.

Case, G.R., P.D. Borodin and J.J. Leggett. 2001. Fossil selachians from the New Egypt Formation (Upper Cretaceous, Late Maastrichtian) of Arneytown, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 261:113–124.

Case, G.R., T.D. Cook and M.V.H. Wilson. 2015. A new elasmobranch assemblage from the early Eocene (Ypresian) Fishburne Formation of Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 52:1121–1136.

Casier, E. 1947. Constitution et évolution de la racine dentaire des Euselachii. II. Etude comparative des types. Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 23:1–32.

Casier, E. 1966. Sur la faune ichthyologique de la Formation de Bissex Hill et de la Série océanique, de l'Ile de la Barbade, et sur l'âge de ces formations. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 59:493–516.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1973. Interrelationships of living elasmobranchs. Pp. 15–61 in P.H. Greenwood, R.S. Miles and C. Patterson. Interrelationships of Fishes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 53.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1977. Phyletic relationships of living sharks and rays. American Zoologist 17:303−322.

Cook, T.D., M.G. Newbrey, D.B. Brinkman and J.I Kirkland. 2014. Euselachians from the freshwater deposits of the Hell Creek Formation of Montana. Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 503:229–246.

Corral, J.C., A. Berreteaga and H. Cappetta. 2016. Upper Maastrichtian shallow marine environments and neoselachian assemblages in North Iberian palaeomargin (Castilian Ramp, Spain). Cretaceous Research 57:639–661.

Cuny, G., J.E. Martin and R. Sarr. 2012. A neoselachian shark fauna from the Late Cretaceous of Senegal. Cretaceous Research, 34:107–115.

Dames, W. 1881. Über Fischzähne aus der obersenonen Tuffkreide von Maastricht für welcher den Gattungsnamen Rhombodus vorschlug. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1881:1–3.

Dartevelle, E., and Casier, E. 1943. Les poissons fossiles du Bas-Congo et des régions voisines. Annales du Musée du Congo Belge, Sér. A (Minéralogie, Géologie, Paléontologie) 3, 2:1–200.

Davis, J.W. 1888. On fossil fish-remains from the Tertiary and Cretaceo-Tertiary formations of New-Zealand. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society 4:1–48.

Dockal, J.A., W.B. Harris and R.A. Laws. 1998. Late Maastrichtian sediments on the north flank of the Cape Fear Arch, North Carolina. Southeastern Geology 37:149–159.

Estes, R. 1964. Fossil vertebrates from the Late Cretaceous Lance Formation, eastern Wyoming. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 49:1–180.

Gill, T.N. 1862. Analytical synopsis of the Order of Squali and revision of the nomenclature of the genera. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 7:367–408.

Glikman, L.S. 1958. Rates of evolution in Lamnoid sharks. Doklady Akademij Nauk SSSR 123:568–571. [In Russian].

Glikman, L.S. 1964. Sharks of Paleogene and their stratigraphic significance. Moscow: NaukaPress. [In Russian]

Goodrich, 1909. Vertebrata Craniata. I. Cyclostomes and fishes. A Treatise on Zoology, Part 9. London: Adam and Charles Black.

Gottfried, M.D., J.A. Rabarison and L.L. Randriamiarimanana. 2001. Late Cretaceous elasmobranchs from the Mahajanga Basin of Madagascar. Cretaceous Research 22:491–496.

Gray, J.E. 1851. List of the Specimens of Fish in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Chondropterygii. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Guinot, G., C.J. Underwood, H. Cappetta, H. and D.J. Ward. 2013. Sharks (Elasmobranchii: Euselachii) from the Late Cretaceous of France and the UK. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 11:589–671.

Gurr, P.R. 1962. A new fish fauna from the Woolwich Bottom Beds (Sparnacian) of Herne Bay, Kent. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 73:419–447.

Harris, W.B. and J.M Self-Trail. 2006. Late Cretaceous base level lowering in Campanian and Maastrichtian depositional sequences, Kure Beach, North Carolina. Stratigraphy 3:195–216.

Hartstein, E., L. Decina and R. Keil. 1999. A late Cretaceous (Severn Formation) Vertebrate Assemblage from Bowie Maryland. Mosasaur 6:17–24.

Hay, O.P. 1902. Bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata in North America. United States Geological Survey Bulletin 179:1–868.

Herman, J. 1977. Les Sélaciens des terrains néocrétacés et paléocènes de Belgique et des contrées limitrophes. Eléments d'une biostratigraphie intercontinentale. Mémoires pour servir à l'explication des Cartes géologiques et minières de la Belgique, 15:1–401.

Hoganson, J.W. and E.C. Murphy. 2002. Marine Breien Member (Maastrichtian) of the Hell Creek Formation in North Dakota: Stratigraphy, vertebrate fossil record, and age. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 361:247–269.

Huxley, T.H. 1880. On the application of the laws of evolution to the arrangement of the Vertebrata and more particularly of the Mammalia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1880:649–662.

Jaekel, O. 1894. Die eocänen Selachier vom Monte Bolca.

Jordan, D. S. 1888. A Manual of Vertebrate Animals of the Northern United States, Including the District North and East of the Ozark Mountains, South of the Laurentian Hills, North of Virginia, and East of the Missouri River, Inclusive of Marine Species, Fifth Edition. Chicago.

Jordan, D.S. 1898. Description of a species of fish (Mitsukurina owstoni) from Japan, the type of a distinct family of Lamnoid sharks. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, (Series 3, Zoology) 1:199–202.

Kent, B.W. 1994. Fossil Sharks of the Chesapeake Bay Region. Columbia, MD. Egan Rees and Boyer, Inc.

Kriwet J. 1999. Neoselachier (Pisces, Elasmobranchii) aus der Unterkreide (unteres Barremium) von Galve und Alciane (Spainien, Provinz Teruel). Palaeo Icthyologica 9:113–143.

Kriwet, J., E.V. Nunn S. and Klug. 2009. Neoselachians (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Lower and lower Upper Cretaceous of north-eastern Spain. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155:316–347.

Landemaine, O. 1991. Sélaciens nouveaux du Crétacé supérieur du Sud-Ouest de la France. Quelques apports à la systématique des élasmobranches. Société Amicale des Géologues Amateurs 1:1–45.

Leidy, J. 1856. Notice of remains of extinct vertebrate animals of New Jersey, collected by Prof. Cook of the State Geological Survey under the direction of Dr. W. Kitchel. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 8:220–221.

Lewy, Z. and H. Cappetta. 1989. Senonian elasmobranch teeth from Israel. Biostratigraphic and paleoenvironmental implications. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatshefte, 1989:212–222.

Linck, H.F. 1790. Versuch einer Eintheilung der Fische nach den Zähnen. Magazin für das Neueste aus der Physik und Naturgeschichte 6:28–38.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., Stockholm.

Martin, J.E. and J.A. Crame. 2006. Paleobiological Significance of High-Latitude Late Cretaceous Vertebrate Fossils from the James Ross Basin, Antarctica. Pp. 109–124 in J.E. Francis, D. Pirrie and J.A. Crame (eds). Cretaceous-Tertiary High-Latitude Paleoenvironments, James Ross Basin, Antarctica: Geological Society of London, Special Publication.

McNulty, C.L. and B.H. Slaughter. 1962. A new sawfish from the Woodbine Formation (Cretaceous) of Texas. Copeia, 1962:775–717.

Müller, J., and Henle, F.G.J. 1838–1841. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin.

Musick, J.A., M.M Harbin and L.J.V. Compagno. 2004. Historical Zoogeography of the Selachii. Pp. 33-78 in J.C. Carrier, J.A. and M.R. Heithaus (eds). Biology of Sharks and their Relatives, Fl: CRC Press LLC.

Mustafa, H.A. 2000. Fish teeth from the Upper Umm Ghudran Formation (Late Santonian) of NW-Jordan. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 2000:595– 612.

Noubhani, A. and H. Cappetta. 1997. Les Orectolobiformes, Carcharhiniformes et Myliobatiformes (Elasmobranchii, Neoselachii) des Bassins à phosphate du Maroc(Maastrichtien-Lutétien basal). Systématique, biostratigraphie, évolution et dynamique des faunes. Palaeo Ichthyologica 8:1–327.

Parmley, D. and D.J. Cicimurri. 2003. Late Eocene sharks of the Hardie Mine local fauna of Wilkinson County, Georgia. Georgia Journal of Science 61:153–179.

Priem, F. 1897. Sur des dents d’élasmobranches de divers gisments sénoniens (Villedieu, Meudon, Folx-les-Caves). Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France 25:40–56.

Rafinesque, C.S. 1810. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra I medisimi. Palermo (Sanfilippo).

Shimada, K. and D.J. Cicimurri. 2006. The oldest record of the Late Cretaceous anacoracid shark, Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz), from the Western Interior, with comments on Squalicorax phylogeny. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 35:177–184.

Shimada, K. and Brereton, D.D. 2007. The Late Cretaceous Lamniform shark, Serratolamna serrata (Agassiz), from the Mooreville Chalk of Alabama. Paludicola 6:105–110.

Siverson, M. 1992. Biology, Dental Morphology and Taxonomy of Lamniform Sharks from the Campanian of the Kristianstad Basin, Sweden. Palaeontology 35:519–554.

Underwood, C.J. and S.F. Mitchell, S.F. 2000. Serratolamna serrata (Agassiz) (Pisces, Neoselachii) from the Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) of Jamaica. Caribbean Journal of Earth Science 34:25–30.

Underwood, C.J. and Ward, D. 2008. A review of the Mesozoic Record of the Carcharhiniformes. Pp. 433–442 in G. Arratia (ed.) Mesozoic Fishes: Homology and Phylogeny. Mesozoic Fishes 4. Munich, Germany: Verlag Dr. Friedrich.

Van de Geyn, W. 1937. Les élasmobranches du Crétacé marin du Limbourg Hollandais. Natuurhistorisch Maandblad Maestricht, 26.

Vega, F.J., G.E. Phillips, T. Nyborg, J. Flores-Ventura, D. Clements, B. Espinosa and G. Solís-Pichardo. 2013, Morphology and size variation of a Portunoid crab from the Maastrichtian of the Americas. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 47:1–20.

Vullo, R. and P. Courville. 2014. Fish remains(Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Cretaceous of the Benue Trough, Nigeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences 97:194–206.

Ward, D.J. and R.L. Wiest. 1990. A checklist of Palaeocene and Eocene sharks and rays (Chondrichthyes) from the Pamunkey Group, Maryland and Virginia, USA. Tertiary Research 12:81–88.

Welton, B.J. and R.F. Farish. 1993. The Collector’s Guide to Fossil Sharks and Rays from the Cretaceous of Texas. Lewisville, TX: Before Time.

Whitley, G.P. 1939. Taxonomic notes on sharks and rays. Australian Zoologist 9:227–262.

Williamson, T.E., J.I. Kirkland and S.G. Lucas. 1993. Selachians from the Greenhorn cyclothem (“Middle” Cretaceous: Cenomanian-Turonian), Black Mesa, Arizona, and the paleogeographic distribution of late Cretaceous selachians. Journal of Paleontology 67:447–474.

Winkler, T.C. 1876. Mémoire sur quelques restes de poisons du système heersien. Archives du Musée Teyler 4:1–15.

Wolberg, D. 1985. Selachians from the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) Atarque Sandstone Member, Tres Hermanos Formation, Sevilleta Grant, Socorro County, New Mexico. New Mexico Geology 7:1–7.

Woodward, A.S. 1886. On the palaeontology of the selachian genus Notidanus Cuvier. Geological Magazine 3:205–217.

Woodward, A.S. 1889. Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum. Part. I. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Woodward, A.S. 1911. The Fossil Fishes of the English Chalk. Part VI. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society London 64:185–224.

Zalmout, I.S. and H.A. Mustafa. 2001. A selachian fauna from the Late Cretaceous of Jordan. Abhath Al-Yamouk Basic Sciences and Engineering 10: 374–434.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18435/B5T88N

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.