Literary Translation and (or as?) Conflict between the Arab World and the West


  • Mustapha Ettobi McGill University



Translation, Arabic, Translation history, stereotype


Major developments in the translation of literary works from Arabic into French and English and vice versa tend to indicate that it has been influenced by the geopolitical relationship between the Arab world and Western countries. In my paper I try to show how the essence of this translation history has taken root in the power differentials and conflicts between these two entities by analyzing three different phases of translation, namely: - Napoleon Bonaparte’s Expedition to Egypt in the 18th century and the translation movement that followed in the 19th century. - Post-Second-World-War phase including the intense translation activity during the Nasser era. - From 1988 (when Mahfouz was awarded the Nobel Prize) to the post-9/11 era. I will also explain how translators (like Canadian-born Johnson-Davies) played a key role in these times of war and/or peace. The work of some of them can also be considered as a form of resistance against prevailing (often negative) representations of the Other and its culture. The article ends with reflections on the current (and future) situation of the translation of Arabic literature into English and French.


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Author Biography

Mustapha Ettobi, McGill University

Mustapha Ettobi is a PhD student in the French Department of McGill University (Montreal). He completed an M.A. in Translation Studies at Concordia University (Montreal) in 2004. His fields of interest include translation studies, French and Arabic literatures, sociology of literature and postcolonialism. For his doctoral studies, he received a scholarship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. He has published some articles, the most of recent of which are "Cultural Representation in Literary Translation: Translators as Mediators/Creators" (Journal of Arabic Literature, 2006) and "Denys Johnson-Davies: Figure de la traduction de la littérature arabe" (TTR, 2006).