Determinants of Health Information Use for Self-Efficacy in Lifestyle Modification for Chronic Disease Patients
Keywords:Health Information, Consumer Health Information Services, Information use, Information Tailoring, Lifestyle Modification, Chronic diseases, Self-efficacy, Nigeria
AbstractObjectives – Various efforts are being made to disseminate lifestyle modification information. What is the role of health information in building patients self-efficacy in lifestyle modification? The research examined level of access to lifestyle modification information for patients with chronic diseases in two Federal Government Teaching Hospitals in South East Nigeria. It explored the relationship between self-efficacy and access to lifestyle modification information and also factors that are associated with self-efficacy when patients have access to lifestyle modification information.
Methods – The research is a cross-sectional correlation study that used a questionnaire to collect data. (See Appendix A.) Sample was 784 patients with chronic diseases. Questionnaires were distributed to the patients as they attended clinics in the medical and surgical outpatients’ clinics of the hospitals.
Results – Findings showed access to lifestyle modification information was significantly and positively correlated with self-efficacy. Multiple Regression analysis suggest that age, type of illness, and length of treatment in the teaching hospitals were associated with self-efficacy when patients have access to lifestyle modification information.
Conclusion – It will be pertinent that demographic and disease factors are considered when making lifestyle modification information available to patients for greater self-efficacy.
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