• University of Alberta Archives, UAA-1969-097-347, Front of Medical Building, 1922.

    Winter 2021
    Vol. 12 No. 2 (2021)

    With the beginning of the fall semester and the recommence of (mostly) in-person classes, the University of Alberta community has seen the first steps towards the return to normalcy as it was before the COVID-19 pandemic fundamentally changed our way of daily life. While the pandemic has brought about creative and intuitive solutions that we have adopted in order to continue learning and living life, it is undeniable that there is much excitement surrounding a return to in-person learning on campus.

    It is in this environment that the Constellations Undergraduate Journal of History and Classics brings together the Winter 2021 edition. As the second edition of the journal produced entirely via a virtual format, the Winter 2021 edition of the journal has faced a number of challenges on the road to publication which has resulted in its delay. However, despite this delay, Constellations remains fully committed to our goal of continuing to publish and promote excellent undergraduate research in both history and classics, regardless of the pandemic circumstances. As such, we are proud to present to you this edition of the journal, and we thank you for your patience regarding its delay.

    Constellations is a student journal that relies immensely upon volunteer reviewers, author submission, and readers for the continuation of the journal. This reliance has become even more important through the pandemic as those reviewers, authors, and readers of the journal stepped up to ensure the continuation of the journal through the challenges it has faced. We are endlessly grateful to everyone who is involved with the journal, as well as every reader of the journal, who have come together to again make another edition of Constellations possible. Thank you.

    We look forward to the opportunity to again work hard with everyone on the Fall 2021 edition of the journal, so that Constellations can continue to publish and promote excellent undergraduate research in history and classics.

    Stay healthy, best of luck in the new semester, and enjoy the Winter 2021 edition of Constellations!

    Keenan Walker and Benedict Agarma, editors

    Winter 2021 reviewers:
    Laura Bass | Madeleine Beaulieu | Laila Elhenawy | Molly Fandrey | Crystal Huang | Taylor Jeffrey | Nick Kouveletsos | Julia de Milliano | Alanna Molzahn | Colby Parkkila | Matt Uniat | Karen Vuong

  • Postcard 14023 shows Pembina Hall after 1914. Image courtesy of the Peel’s Prairie Provinces Collection

    Fall 2020
    Vol. 12 No. 1 (2020)


    As we continue to confront the challenges presented to us by the COVID-19 pandemic, everyone has been forced to adapt in new and creative ways that have fundamentally changed the realities of daily life. This academic year, Constellations is proud to announce that for the first time in the journal’s history we can present the Fall 2020 edition of Constellations as an edition that has been produced entirely via a virtual format. We are immensely grateful to our authors, reviewers, and advisors who have been patient and adapted with us to make this edition of the journal possible. Thank you. 

    While our annual symposium had been unfortunately canceled last year due to the pandemic, we are happy to announce that this year the Constellations Undergraduate Research Symposium will proceed virtually as the second iteration from March 23-24. We hope that this will be an opportunity for everyone to once again come together to share interesting and original undergraduate research, despite the limitations of COVID-19. 

    We look forward to again working hard with our authors and reviews to promote history and classics undergraduate research in the Winter 2021 edition of Constellations. 

    Stay healthy, and enjoy the Fall 2020 edition of Constellations!

    Benedict Agarma and Keenan Walker, editors

    Reviewers: Laura Bass丨Madeleine Beaulieu丨Astha Burande丨Laila Elhenawy丨Molly Fandrey丨Ethan Kreiser丨Julia de Milliano丨Alanna Molzahn丨Brian Ngan丨Chelsea Parker丨Karen Vuong丨Stacey Wall

  • Spring 2020
    Vol. 11 No. 2 (2020)

    Amidst all the upheaval and uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are pleased to bring you the Spring 2020 edition of Constellations. We are deeply grateful to our authors and reviewers for continuing to work with us and remaining engaged and present in the publication process as we navigate new challenges by the day. As our second annual Research Symposium, due to be held in late March, was unfortunately cancelled due to the pandemic, we are proud to feature several conference selections in this issue alongside our regularly selected pieces.

    We are looking forward to training our incoming editors for the 2020-2021 school year. Thank you to everyone who applied; we can't wait to see what the future of this journal holds.

    Enjoy this issue, and we hope to hear from you soon!

    Shelby Drozdowski, Katlyn Kichko, and Sydni Zastre, editors

    Reviewers: Benedict Agarma | Mark Bykowski | Katherine DeCoste | Marina Ferguson | Matthew Gwozd | Jasmine Hafso | Kate Leitch | Lukas Plevko | Keenan Walker

  • Fall 2019
    Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019)

    We are pleased to present the Fall 2019 edition of Constellations. We, the new editors, are proud to be beginning Constellations' second decade with this exciting selection of research from our department's talented undergraduates. We would like to thank our authors and reviewers for their hard work this semester and look forward to bringing you another wonderful journal issue in the spring of 2020. We are also excited to announce Constellations' second annual conference, which will take place on March 20th, 2020! Submission details will follow; we hope to see you there.

    Best of luck with the winter semester!

    Shelby Drozdowski, Katlyn Kichko, and Sydni Zastre, editors

    Reviewers: Benedict Agarma | Mark Bykowski | Katherine DeCoste | Marina Ferguson | Matthew Gwozd | Jasmine Hafso | Lukas Plevko | Keenan Walker

  • Winter 2019
    Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019)

    We are pleased to present the Winter 2019 edition of Constellations, which showcases a wide array of undergraduate work from both the University of Alberta and MacEwan University. We would like to thank everyone who had a hand in making this edition possible, including the authors who had the courage to place their work in the hands of their peers, and the reviewers who helped shape the content of this edition. 

    Further, the Winter 2019 edition represents the culmination of the hard work and effort that went into making our 10th year of publishing a possibility. From the begining of the year, we set out to do something special in honor of Constellations 10th year. This took the form of what became a two day conference which, like the journal, showcased undergraduate work from both the University of Alberta and MacEwan University. Thank you to Dr. David Marples, who proved to be unwavering in his support of the journal and gave the first keynote presentation of our conference. Another thank you should also go out to Dr. Carollee Pollock, who gave our second keynote presentation on the importance of public history. 

    The study of history and classics becomes especially important when it is situated in an interdisciplinary way. Over the course of the past year, we have worked hard to continue our focus on history and classics, while aiming for a wider, more interdisciplinary focus for the journal. This is something we feel the conference and this issue achieve well. This edition showcases both papers submitted for peer-review but also a handful of "conference picks"--papers presented at our 10th year conference that we feel deserve to be showcased here. 

    We hope that you enjoy the wide range of topics covered in this edition, which even includes a poem!

    ***A note about our "conference picks" section. These papers were not subject to our peer-review process. Rather, they were presented at the 2019 Undergraduate Symposium. All other papers were peer-reviewed by our review team.***

    Have a great summer! 

    Cole Kruper and Lucas Nowosiad, 2018-19 co-editors. 

    Reviewers: Miranda Rondeau, Samantha Kallen, Sydni Zastre, Marina Ferguson, Katlyn Kichko, Shelby Drozdowski, Jasmine Hafso, Mark Bykowski, Hannah Rudderham, Brenna Clark, Keenan Walker

  • Fall 2018
    Vol. 10 No. 1 (2018)

    We are pleased to present the Fall 2018 edition of Constellations. It showcases a wide variety of undergraduate research. Furthermore, we are happy, as the new editors, to continue the work of Constellations which has spanned the last decade. We wish to thank the reviewers for their dedication and committment, as well as all the authors for their courage in putting their work in our hands. Look for our tenth anniversary conference to be held in winter 2019, where we hope to provide authors with the opportunity to present their research in a conference setting. Once again, thank you and we hope you enjoy this edition. 

    See you all in the New Year!

    Cole Kruper and Lucas Nowosiad


    Reviewers: Samantha Kallen // Bronte Wells // Dana Kanerva // Mark Bykowski // Katlyn Kichko // Kyla Kirker // Emma Tessier // Shelby Drozdowski // Hayley Parsons // Thomas Brown // Jasmine Hafso // Hannah Rudderham // Megan McCaskill

  • Vol. 9 No. 2 (2018)

    We hope you enjoy the latest installment of undergraduate historical research at the University of Alberta. This edition showcased some of the strongest submissions we have received as editors, and we are very pleased at the efforts of our editorial team in helping authors prepare their works for publication. An added pleasure Constellations was involved with this winter semester was helping OASIS plan and hold a Faculty of Arts wide conference in March—make sure to keep an eye out for next year’s conference! Undergraduate research is the lifeblood of our journal and the very purpose the University as an institution encourages. We are excited for the future prospects for the Journal, and are happy to announce Lucas Nowosiad and Cole Kruper will be taking the reigns as co-editors for our 2018/2019 editions.

    On behalf of the Department of History and Classics and Constellations, we present to you our Winter 2018 edition and sincerely thank you for your interest in our historical research.


    Lee Klippenstein and Sean Oliver


    Constellations editorial team for Winter 2018:

    Lucas Nowosiad // Shelby Colling // Samantha Kallen // Bronte Wells

    Alex Hogg // Miranda Rondea // Stacy Fairful // Cassidy Munholland

    Dana Kanerva // Devonne Brandys // Mathea Johannson // Cole Kruper

    Mark Bykowski // Megan McCaskill


    We would also like to thank Sonya Betz for all of her help throughout the semester!